Resources on applying Inoculation Theory to Misinformation

Inoculation Theory: A beginners Guide

Inoculation theory is a social psychological communication theory that explains how an attitude or belief can be protected against persuasion or influence in much the same way a body can be protected against disease…

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Handbooks

COVID-19 Vaccine Communication Handbook

Why vaccinations? Vaccines help people survive. Vaccines save 5 lives every minute. The eradication of smallpox—a serious disease that left even survivors scarred for life—alone saves an estimated 5 million …

Handbooks

The Conspiracy Theory Handbook

Distinguishing between real conspiracies and conspiracy theories Real conspiracies do exist. Volkswagen conspired to cheat emissions tests for their diesel engines. The U.S. National Security Agency secretly spied on civilian …

Handbooks

The Debunking Handbook

Misinformation can do damage Misinformation is false information that is spread either by mistake or with intent to mislead. When there is intent to mislead, it is called disinformation. Misinformation …

Research

Inoculation Theory: A beginners Guide

When Jigsaw researchers met Jennifer in a Montana cafe, she explained how she came to believe that the Earth was flat. For the past few years Jennifer had become immersed …

Research

Debunking versus prebunking

The spread of misinformation has reached epidemic proportions. The World Health Organization (WHO) has even referred to this spread as a global “infodemic.” As governments and social media companies scramble …

Research

How to test inoculation interventions in the lab

Online misinformation is a pervasive global problem. In response, psychologists have recently explored the theory of psychological inoculation: If people are preemptively exposed to a weakened version of a misinformation …

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